Accessing the UIAccelerometer in Iphone and iPad

This article is based on iPhone and iPad in Action, published on August, 2010. It is being reproduced here by permission from Manning Publications. Manning publishes MEAP (Manning Early Access Program,) eBooks and pBooks. MEAPs are sold exclusively through Manning.com. All pBook purchases include free PDF, mobi and epub. When mobile formats become available all customers will be contacted and upgraded. Visit Manning.com for more information. [ Use promotional code 'java40beat' and get 40% discount on eBooks and pBooks ]

Accessing the UIAccelerometer

Introduction

When you’re using the iPhone’s orientation notification, the frameworks are doing the work for you: they’re taking low-level acceleration reports and turning them into more meaningful events. It’s similar to the concept of iPhone actions, which turn low-level touch events into high-level control events.

Notifications aren’t going to be sufficient if you would prefer to program entire interfaces that effectively use the iPhone’s movement in three-dimensional space as a new user-input device. For that, you’ll need to access two iPhone classes: UIAccelerometer and UIAcceleration. We’ll talk about UIAccelerometer.

The UIAccelerometer is a class that you can use to receive acceleration-related data. It is a shared object, like UIApplication and UIDevice. The process of using it is shown in listing 1.

Listing 1 Accessing the UIAccelerometer takes just a few steps

- (void)viewDidLoad {
UIAccelerometer *myAccel =
#1
[UIAccelerometer sharedAccelerometer]; #1
myAccel.updateInterval = .1; #2
myAccel.delegate = self; #3
[super viewDidLoad];
}
#1 Creates shared accelerometer
#2 Updates 10 times a second
#3 Delegates accelerometer protocol

The first step is to access the accelerometer, which is done with another call to a shared-object method (#1). Having this step on its own line is probably unnecessary, because you could perform the other two steps as nested calls, but we find this a lot more readable.

Next, you select your update interval (#2), which specifies how often you’ll receive information on acceleration. This is hardware limited, with a current default of 100 updates per second. That’s most likely just right if you’re creating a game using the accelerometer, but excessive for other purposes. We’ve opted for 10 updates per second, which is an updateInterval of 0.1. You should always set the lowest acceptable input to preserve power on the iPhone.

Finally, you must set a delegate for the accelerometer (#3), which is how you receive data on accelerometer changes. The delegate will need to respond to only one method, accelerometer:didAccelerate:, which sends a message containing a UIAcceleration object whenever acceleration occurs (to the limit of the updateInterval).

Summary

The iPhone’s accelerometers can give you access to a variety of information about where an iPhone exists in space. By measuring gravity, you can easily discover an iPhone’s precise orientation. By measuring movement, you can see how an iPhone is being guided through space. Finally, you can build more complex movements into three-dimensional gestures, such as the shake.

Accelerometers allow users to make simple adjustments to a program. We can imagine game controls and painting programs both built entirely around the accelerometers.

Comments

comments

About Krishna Srinivasan

He is Founder and Chief Editor of JavaBeat. He has more than 8+ years of experience on developing Web applications. He writes about Spring, DOJO, JSF, Hibernate and many other emerging technologies in this blog.

Trackbacks

  1. JavaPins says:

    Accessing the UIAccelerometer in Iphone and iPad…

    Thank you for submitting this cool story – Trackback from JavaPins…

Speak Your Mind

*