File Upload and Download using Java

File Upload and Download is always a handy utility to know. There will be some need to upload a file to an FTP server, Like if you generate a report or store some data in .xls file, then it needs to be uploaded to a FTP server for further use. like wise we need to download some data (data stored in .xls files)for manuplation from the server in our projects. Here we have the code to do this for us. The FileUploadDownload utility.

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This file has the two classes one for upload a file to the FTP server and the other one for downloading the file from the FTP server. This program is written in very simple and easy startegy to upload or download the files using Java. It is using BufferedOutputStream and BufferedInputStream IO classes. This program can be effectively reuse for your purpose incase if you want to upload or download the files from your website or your project work. If you like the program and feels it is very useful for you, please write comment and let us know if there is any improvement needed in the code.

If you have any doubts on the code and looking for the help on this code, please post your queries in the comments section.

File Upload and Download Code Example

package com.resource.util;
import java.io.BufferedInputStream;
import java.io.BufferedOutputStream;
import java.io.File;
import java.io.FileInputStream;
import java.io.FileOutputStream;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.net.MalformedURLException;
import java.net.URL;
import java.net.URLConnection;

/**
 * This class is used to upload a file to a FTP server.
 *
 * @author Muthu
 */
public class FileUpload
{

   /**
    * Upload a file to a FTP server. A FTP URL is generated with the
    * following syntax:
    * ftp://user:password@host:port/filePath;type=i.
    *
    * @param ftpServer , FTP server address (optional port ':portNumber').
    * @param user , Optional user name to login.
    * @param password , Optional password for user.
    * @param fileName , Destination file name on FTP server (with optional
    *            preceding relative path, e.g. "myDir/myFile.txt").
    * @param source , Source file to upload.
    * @throws MalformedURLException, IOException on error.
    */
   public void upload( String ftpServer, String user, String password,
         String fileName, File source ) throws MalformedURLException,
         IOException
   {
      if (ftpServer != null && fileName != null && source != null)
      {
         StringBuffer sb = new StringBuffer( "ftp://" );
         // check for authentication else assume its anonymous access.
         if (user != null && password != null)
         {
            sb.append( user );
            sb.append( ':' );
            sb.append( password );
            sb.append( '@' );
         }
         sb.append( ftpServer );
         sb.append( '/' );
         sb.append( fileName );
         /*
          * type ==> a=ASCII mode, i=image (binary) mode, d= file directory
          * listing
          */
         sb.append( ";type=i" );

         BufferedInputStream bis = null;
         BufferedOutputStream bos = null;
         try
         {
            URL url = new URL( sb.toString() );
            URLConnection urlc = url.openConnection();

            bos = new BufferedOutputStream( urlc.getOutputStream() );
            bis = new BufferedInputStream( new FileInputStream( source ) );

            int i;
            // read byte by byte until end of stream
            while ((i = bis.read()) != -1)
            {
               bos.write( i );
            }
         }
         finally
         {
            if (bis != null)
               try
               {
                  bis.close();
               }
               catch (IOException ioe)
               {
                  ioe.printStackTrace();
               }
            if (bos != null)
               try
               {
                  bos.close();
               }
               catch (IOException ioe)
               {
                  ioe.printStackTrace();
               }
         }
      }
      else
      {
         System.out.println( "Input not available." );
      }
   }

   /**
    * Download a file from a FTP server. A FTP URL is generated with the
    * following syntax:
    * ftp://user:password@host:port/filePath;type=i.
    *
    * @param ftpServer , FTP server address (optional port ':portNumber').
    * @param user , Optional user name to login.
    * @param password , Optional password for user.
    * @param fileName , Name of file to download (with optional preceeding
    *            relative path, e.g. one/two/three.txt).
    * @param destination , Destination file to save.
    * @throws MalformedURLException, IOException on error.
    */
   public void download( String ftpServer, String user, String password,
         String fileName, File destination ) throws MalformedURLException,
         IOException
   {
      if (ftpServer != null && fileName != null && destination != null)
      {
         StringBuffer sb = new StringBuffer( "ftp://" );
         // check for authentication else assume its anonymous access.
         if (user != null && password != null)
         {
            sb.append( user );
            sb.append( ':' );
            sb.append( password );
            sb.append( '@' );
         }
         sb.append( ftpServer );
         sb.append( '/' );
         sb.append( fileName );
         /*
          * type ==> a=ASCII mode, i=image (binary) mode, d= file directory
          * listing
          */
         sb.append( ";type=i" );
         BufferedInputStream bis = null;
         BufferedOutputStream bos = null;
         try
         {
            URL url = new URL( sb.toString() );
            URLConnection urlc = url.openConnection();

            bis = new BufferedInputStream( urlc.getInputStream() );
            bos = new BufferedOutputStream( new FileOutputStream(
                  destination.getName() ) );

            int i;
            while ((i = bis.read()) != -1)
            {
               bos.write( i );
            }
         }
         finally
         {
            if (bis != null)
               try
               {
                  bis.close();
               }
               catch (IOException ioe)
               {
                  ioe.printStackTrace();
               }
            if (bos != null)
               try
               {
                  bos.close();
               }
               catch (IOException ioe)
               {
                  ioe.printStackTrace();
               }
         }
      }
      else
      {
         System.out.println( "Input not available" );
      }
   }
}

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