HTML5 Autofocus Attribute

The autofocus attribute is used for automatic focus in the input field of the form when the form page gets rendered. Prior to HTML5, we used JavaScript code to autofocus on an element. If a user tried to fill the form before the JavaScript code is loaded, then user is returned to the first element. This can be avoided now by use of autofocus attribute. This tutorial explains how to use the autofocus attribute in HTML5 with simple example.

Syntax Of autofocus Attribute

<input type="text" autofocus>

Browser Support

All major browsers support autofocus attribute. Those that don’t support, just ignore this attribute.


<! DOCTYPE html>
   <title> Autofocus Attribute</title>
      Name <input type="text"><br>
      Surname<input type="text" ><br>
      DOB <input type="text" autofocus><br>
      Residential Address<input type="text"><br>
      Phone Number <input type="text"><br><br>
      <input type="submit" value="Submit">

Here you can see we have used autofocus attribute for the this field DOB. So when the page loads, you will see the DOB field is focused.

Example Application Test

  • Save the file as autofocus_example.html in your system.
  • Just open the file in the browser, you will see the below picture in the browser. Note that the browser must support HTML5 specification.


When the execution process is completed successfully we will get the following output :
HTML5 Autofocus Attribute



About Krishna Srinivasan

He is Founder and Chief Editor of JavaBeat. He has more than 8+ years of experience on developing Web applications. He writes about Spring, DOJO, JSF, Hibernate and many other emerging technologies in this blog.