This section explains you the Ajax. You will learn the
basics of Ajax. Ajax is of the most important technologies for the development
of highly interactive web application and due to its features it have become
extremely popular these days.
What is Ajax?
new web development technique used for the development of most interactive
website. Ajax helps you in making your web application more interactive by retrieving
small amount of data from web server and then showing it on your application.
You can do all these things without refreshing your page.
Usually in all the web applications, the user enters the
data into the form and then clicks on the submit button to submit the request to
the server. Server processes the request and returns the view in new page ( by
reloading the whole page). This process is inefficient, time consuming, and a
little frustrating for you user if the only the small amount of data exchange is
required. For example in an user registration form, this can be frustrating
thing for the user, as whole page is reloaded only to check the availability of
the user name. Ajax will help in making your application more interactive. With
the help of Ajax you can tune your application to check the availability of the
user name without refreshing the whole page.
Understanding the technology behind Ajax
Ajax is not a single technology, but it is a
combination of many technologies. These technologies are supported by modern web
browsers. Following are techniques used in the Ajax applications.
used very heavily to provide teh dynamic behavior to the application.
- Asynchronous Call to the Server:
Most of the Ajax application used the XMLHttpRequest object to send the
request to the web server. These calls are Asynchronous and there is no need
to wait for the response to come back. User can do the normal work without
can be used to process the XML data returned from the web server easily.
How Ajax Works?
When user first visits the page, the Ajax engine is initialized
and loaded. From that point of time user interacts with Ajax engine to interact
with the web server. The Ajax engine operates asynchronously while sending the
request to the server and receiving the response from server. Ajax life cycle
within the web browser can be divided into following stages:
- User Visit to the page: User visits the
URL by typing URL in browser or clicking a link from some other page.
- Initialization of Ajax engine:
When the page is initially loaded, the Ajax engine is also initialized. The
Ajax engine can also be set to continuously refresh the page content without
refreshing the whole page.
- Event Processing Loop:
* Browser event may instruct the Ajax engine to send request to server and
receive the response data
* Server response - Ajax engine receives the response from the server. Then
update the browser. DHTML and css is used to update the browser display.
Benefits of Ajax
Ajax is new very promising technology, which has become
extremely popular these days. Here are the benefits of using Ajax:
- Ajax can be used for creating rich, web-based
applications that look and works like a desktop application
and existing technologies like XML, CSS, DHTML. etc. So, its very easy to
- Ajax can be used to develop web applications that
can update the page data continuously without refreshing the whole page