Struts BEAN Cookie Tag ( < bean:cookie >)

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Struts BEAN Tag Library

Struts BEAN tag library provides tags which are usefull in accessing beans and their properties as well as defining new beans (based on these accesses) that are accessible to the remainder of the page via scripting variables and page scope attributes. Convenient mechanisms to create new beans based on the value of request cookies, headers, and parameters are also provided.

Syntax to use Struts BEAN tag library

<%@ taglib prefix="bean" uri="http://struts.apache.org/tags-bean" %>

< bean:cookie >

< bean:cookie > -It is used to define a scripting variable based on the value(s) of the specified request cookie. It retrieves the value of the specified cookie (single or multiple) and define the result as a page scope attribute of type cookie or cookie[] if multiple are specified.

Example Code for < bean:cookie >

1.Create an Jsp page and name it as BeanCookieTag.jsp.In this example we retrieve the cookie object as a bean which has been added in the action class before this page is invoked.Displays each property of specified cookie bean.

BeanCookieTag.jsp

<%@page contentType="text/html" pageEncoding="UTF-8"%>
<%@taglib prefix="html" uri="http://jakarta.apache.org/struts/tags-html" %>
<%@taglib prefix="bean" uri="http://jakarta.apache.org/struts/tags-bean" %>


< html>
    < head>

        < title> Struts Bean Cookie Tag </title>
    < head>
    < body bgcolor="#DDDDDD">
        < h1 > bean:cookie tag example  </h1>

  < h2 > Cookie Property names and their values  </h2>

		   < bean:cookie id="cookie" name="name"/>

            < h3> Cookie Name:</h3>
			< bean:write name="cookie" property="name"/>
           < h3> Cookie Value:</h3>
			< bean:write name="cookie" property="value"/>
			 < h3> Cookie Max-Age:</h3>
			< bean:write name="cookie" property="maxAge"/>
			 < h3> Cookie Secure:</h3>
			< bean:write name="cookie" property="secure"/>
		  </body>
</html>

2.Simple Action class BeanCookieAction.java which is a sub class of Action class used to process the user’s request.In this class we create a cookie object and add it to the response.
BeanCookieAction.java

package com.myapp.struts;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;
import org.apache.struts.action.ActionForm;
import org.apache.struts.action.ActionMapping;
import org.apache.struts.action.ActionForward;

public class BeanCookieAction extends org.apache.struts.action.Action {


    private final static String SUCCESS = "success";


    public ActionForward execute(ActionMapping mapping, ActionForm form,
            HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response)
            throws Exception {
        Cookie ck=new Cookie("name","Java Struts");
        response.addCookie(ck);
        return mapping.findForward(SUCCESS);
    }
}


3.Create or modify struts config file struts-config.xml with action mappings.Struts-config file contains the information about the configuration of the struts framework to the application.It contains the action mappings which helps to select Action,ActionForm and other information for specific user’s request’s.


<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>

<!DOCTYPE struts-config PUBLIC
          "-//Apache Software Foundation//DTD Struts Configuration 1.2//EN"
          "http://jakarta.apache.org/struts/dtds/struts-config_1_2.dtd">

< struts-config>

< action-mappings>
        < action path="/cookie" type="com.myapp.struts.BeanCookieAction">
        < forward name="success" path="/BeanCookieTag.jsp"/>

            </action>
</action-mappings>

	</struts-config>

4.Modify index.jsp which conatins the jsp forward to the action class .


<%@page contentType="text/html"%>
<%@page pageEncoding="UTF-8"%>

< jsp:forward page="cookie.do"/>

5.Building and running the application

Output

Access page:http://localhost:8080/beancookie/

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About Krishna Srinivasan

He is Founder and Chief Editor of JavaBeat. He has more than 8+ years of experience on developing Web applications. He writes about Spring, DOJO, JSF, Hibernate and many other emerging technologies in this blog.

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